Joint Replacement Surgery

surgeon patient

A surgeon must always rely on his or her own professional clinical judgment when deciding whether to use a particular product when treating a particular patient. Stryker does not dispense medical advice and recommends that surgeons be trained in the use of any particular product before using it in surgery.

The information presented is intended to demonstrate the breadth of Stryker’s product offerings. A surgeon must always refer to the package insert, product label and/or instructions for use before using any of Stryker’s products. Products may not be available in all markets because product availability is subject to the regulatory and/or medical practices in individual markets. Please contact your sales representative if you have questions about the availability of products in your area.

Stryker Corporation or its divisions or other corporate affiliated entities own, use or have applied for the following trademarks or service marks: Mako, Stryker, Triathlon. All other trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners or holders.

Did you know?
80% of osteoarthritis patients have some degree of movement limitation. The risk of arthritis increases with age, and arthritis is more common among women than men. Arthritis limits the activities of approximately 23.7 million adults.

Preparing for surgery

Preparing for your joint replacement begins weeks before the actual surgery. The checklist below outlines some tasks that your doctor may ask you to complete in the weeks prior to your surgery date.

In the weeks prior
  • Exercise under your doctor’s supervision
  • Have a general physical examination
  • Have a dental examination
  • Review medications
  • Stop smoking
  • Lose weight
Closer to the surgery
  • Arrange a preoperative visit
  • Get laboratory tests
  • Complete forms
  • Prepare meals
  • Confer with a physical therapist
  • Plan for post-surgery rehabilitative care

Am I too old for a joint replacement?

While age is an important factor in your health, age alone  isn’t usually a reason not to have joint replacement surgery. Your doctor will be more interested in your overall health and will consider a variety of things, such as blood test results, your physical strength, bone density, and diet and lifestyle, to determine whether joint replacement is right for you.

What kinds of tests will I need before surgery?

Your doctor will likely request a physical checkup, routine blood work and a urine test. If you’re over 50, or have a heart or respiratory issue, you may also need an EKG and
a chest X-ray. Your doctor will recommend tests based on your specific diagnosis and medical condition.

When will I be discharged from the hospital?

It depends on you, your recovery process, and your doctor’s recommendation. Most people go home within one to four days after surgery.

After surgery, will the doctor talk to my family about how my surgery went?

Typically, your doctor or one of the assisting surgeons will come out to the waiting area to talk with your family as soon as you’ve been taken into the recovery room. If your family misses seeing the surgeon, they should contact the surgeon’s office. Your doctor’s office will arrange a time for your surgeon to discuss your surgery with your family.

When can I get back to normal activities?

Most people who undergo knee replacement surgery and participate in a physical therapy regimen prescribed by their doctor, return to their day-to-day activities like
driving in four to six weeks, but everyone is different. Your doctor will help determine
a plan best suited for your recovery and your lifestyle.

What activities will I be able to do after surgery?

In a few weeks your doctor may allow you to pick back up with lower-impact activities like. Speak to your doctor about which activities are appropriate for you.

How long has Mako Technology been available?

The first Mako procedure was performed in 2006. Since that time, more than 200,000
Mako Total Knee, Mako Partial Knee and Mako Total Hip procedures have been performed.

How long will I be in the hospital?

All patients are different. But in a clinical study, patients who had a Mako Total Knee
procedure spent approximately 3 days in the hospital compared to approximately 4 days for those who had a conventional knee replacement.

Causes of Your Knee Pain

Your joints are involved in almost every activity you do. Movements such as walking, bending and turning require the use of your hip and knee joints. When the knee becomes diseased or injured, the resulting pain can severely limit your ability to move and work.

The knee is the largest joint in the body and is central to nearly every routine activity. The knee joint is formed by the ends of 3 bones:

  • The lower end of the thigh bone, or femur.
  • The upper end of the shin bone, or tibia.
  • The kneecap, or patella.Thick, tough tissue bands called ligaments connect
    the bones and stabilize the joint.

One common cause of knee pain is Osteoarthritis (OA). OA is sometimes called degenerative arthritis because it is a “wearing out” condition involving the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. When the cartilage wears away, the bones rub against each other, causing pain and stiffness.

What is Partial Knee Replacement?

Partial Knee Replacement (PKR) is a surgical procedure that helps relieve arthritis in one or two of the three compartments of the knee. With PKR, only the damaged area of the knee joint is replaced, which may help to minimize trauma to healthy bone and tissue.

How does Mako Smart Robotics Technology Works?
mako patient
Mako SmartRobotics Total Hip Replacement

Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure where a diseased or damaged joint is replaced with an artificial joint called an implant. Made of metal alloys and high-grade plastics, the implant is designed to move like a healthy human joint.

Mako SmartRoboticsTM transforms how joint replacement procedures are done by integrating 3D modeling and robotic arm technology into the process. It’s an innovative solution that has been helping joint pain sufferers for more than a decade.

Mako Total Hip is for:

  • People with severe hip pain or stiffness resulting from noninflammatory degenerative joint disease (including osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis and avascular necrosis), rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis
  • Those who haven’t experienced adequate relief with conservative treatment options, like bracing, medication or joint fluid supplements
How Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery Works
  1. Have a Plan Personalized for You
    It all begins with a CT scan of your joint that
    is used to generate a 3D virtual model of your unique anatomy. This virtual model is
    loaded into the Mako system software and is used to create your personalized pre-
    operative plan.
  2. In the Operating Room
    In the operating room, your surgeon will use Mako to assist in performing yoursurgery based on your personalized pre-operative plan. The Mako system alsoallows your surgeon to make adjustments to your plan during surgery as needed.
    When the surgeon prepares the bone for the implant, the Mako system guides the
    surgeon within the pre-defined area and helps prevent the surgeon from moving
    outside the planned boundaries. This helps provide more accurate placement and
    alignment of your implant.
  3. After Surgery
    After surgery, your surgeon, nurses and physical therapists will set goals with you to get you back on the move. They will closely monitor your condition and progress. Your surgeon may review an x-ray of your new partial knee with you.
mako arm
Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Technology

Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure where a diseased or damaged joint is replaced Made of metal alloys and high-grade plastics, the implant is designed to mimic a normal, healthy knee.
Mako Technology transforms how total and partial knee replacement procedures are done by integrating 3D virtual modeling and robotic-arm precision1,2 into the process.
It’s an innovative solution that has been helping knee pain sufferers for more than a decade.

Did you know?

A physical therapist will work with your orthopaedic specialist to recommend exercises such as pushing, pulling or day walking.

image mako
The Mako Difference
  • In a laboratory study, Mako Total Knee enabled surgeons to execute their surgical
    plans more accurately.
  • In a clinical study, Mako protected soft tissue and ligaments from damage
  • In a clinical study, Mako patients surveyed 6 months after surgery reported better patient satisfaction scores than those who received a conventional joint replacement.
  • In a clinical study, Mako patients surveyed 6 months after surgery reported lower
    pain scores than those who received a conventional joint replacement.